Transforming HTML to Selenium Page Object Classes with ChatGPT: A Practical Guide


In the dynamic world of web testing, efficiency is key. Selenium, a popular tool for automating web browsers, uses Page Object models to enhance test maintenance and readability. But what if we could streamline this process further? Enter ChatGPT, an AI language model that can transform an HTML page into a Selenium Page Object Java class. In this post, we’ll explore how to use ChatGPT for this purpose, including a practical example.

Understanding the Page Object Model:

The Page Object Model (POM) in Selenium is a design pattern that creates an object repository for storing web elements. It represents a webpage’s structure and behaviors in a class, making tests more readable and maintainable. This approach separates the page layout and behavior from the test scripts, making the code cleaner and more robust.

The Role of HTML in Selenium Testing:

HTML forms the backbone of web pages. For Selenium tests, identifying elements like buttons, forms, and inputs is crucial. Typically, testers manually inspect HTML to find element identifiers like IDs or class names, which are then used in creating Page Object classes.

Introducing ChatGPT:

ChatGPT, developed by OpenAI, can understand and generate human-like text. It can interpret HTML structures and generate corresponding Java classes for Selenium Page Objects, significantly speeding up the test preparation process.

The Conversion Process:

Prepare Your HTML Code: Start with a snippet of HTML. For instance, consider a simple login form with fields for username and password and a submit button.



<form id=”loginForm”> 

<input type=”text” id=”username”> 

<input type=”password” id=”password”> 

<button id=”submit”>Login</button> 




Using ChatGPT: Input this HTML code into ChatGPT with a request: “Convert this HTML into a Selenium Page Object Java class.”

Interpreting ChatGPT’s Output: ChatGPT will provide a Java class structured as a Page Object. For example:

public class LoginPage { @FindBy(id = "username") private WebElement username;@FindBy(id = "password") private WebElement password; @FindBy(id = "submit") privateWebElement submitButton; public void enterUsername(String user) { username.sendKeys(user); } public void enterPassword(String pass) { password.sendKeys(pass); } public void clickSubmit() {; } }

Best Practices and Tips:

  • Review and Customize: Always review and customize the generated code. AI might not perfectly capture all nuances.
  • Enhance with Additional Methods: Consider adding methods for actions like waiting for elements or handling pop-ups.
  • Testing and Validation: Test the Page Object class to ensure it interacts with the web elements as expected.


Using ChatGPT to convert HTML to Selenium Page Object classes can be a massive time-saver. It streamlines one of the most tedious aspects of writing Selenium tests, allowing testers to focus on more complex tasks. As AI continues to evolve, its integration into software testing processes promises even more exciting advancements.

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